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Macaulay2Doc > rings > Weyl algebras

Weyl algebras

A Weyl algebra is the non-commutative algebra of algebraic differential operators on a polynomial ring. To each variable x corresponds the operator dx that differentiates with respect to that variable. The evident commutation relation takes the form dx*x == x*dx + 1.

We can give any names we like to the variables in a Weyl algebra, provided we specify the correspondence between the variables and the derivatives, with the WeylAlgebra option, as follows.

i1 : R = QQ[x,y,dx,dy,t,WeylAlgebra => {x=>dx, y=>dy}]

o1 = R

o1 : PolynomialRing
i2 : dx*dy*x*y

o2 = x*y*dx*dy + x*dx + y*dy + 1

o2 : R
i3 : dx*x^5

      5       4
o3 = x dx + 5x

o3 : R
All modules over Weyl algebras are, in Macaulay2, right modules. This means that multiplication of matrices is from the opposite side:
i4 : dx*x

o4 = x*dx + 1

o4 : R
i5 : matrix{{dx}} * matrix{{x}}

o5 = | xdx |

             1       1
o5 : Matrix R  <--- R
All Gröbner basis and related computations work over this ring. For an extensive collection of D-module routines (A D-module is a module over a Weyl algebra), see Dmodules.