It merges x and y, which should be lists of pairs (k,v) arranged in increasing order according to the key k. The result will be a list of pairs, also arranged in increasing order, each of which is either from x or from y, or in the case where a key k occurs in both, with say (k,v) in x and (k,w) in y, then the result will contain the pair (k,f(v,w)). Thus the function f is used for combining the values when the keys collide. The class of the result is taken to be the minimal common ancestor of the class of x and the class of y.
The object mergePairs is a compiled function.