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Cremona :: degreeMap

degreeMap -- degree of a rational map between projective varieties

Synopsis

Description

One important case is when $\Phi:\mathbb{P}^n=Proj(K[x_0,\ldots,x_n]) \dashrightarrow \mathbb{P}^m=Proj(K[y_0,\ldots,y_m])$ is a rational map between projective spaces, corresponding to a ring map $\phi$. If $p$ is a general point of $\mathbb{P}^n$, denote by $F_p(\Phi)$ the closure of $\Phi^{-1}(\Phi(p))\subseteq \mathbb{P}^n$. The degree of $\Phi$ is defined as the degree of $F_p(\Phi)$ if $dim F_p(\Phi) = 0$ and $0$ otherwise. If $\Phi$ is defined by forms $F_0(x_0,\ldots,x_n),\ldots,F_m(x_0,\ldots,x_n)$ and $I_p$ is the ideal of the point $p$, then the ideal of $F_p(\Phi)$ is nothing but the saturation ${(\phi(\phi^{-1}(I_p))):(F_0,....,F_m)}^{\infty}$.

i1 : -- Take a rational map phi:P^8--->G(1,5) subset P^14 defined by the maximal minors 
     -- of a generic 2 x 6 matrix of linear forms on P^8 (thus phi is birational onto its image)
     K=ZZ/3331; ringP8=K[x_0..x_8]; ringP14=K[t_0..t_14];
i4 : phi=map(ringP8,ringP14,gens minors(2,matrix pack(6,for i to 11 list random(1,ringP8))))

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o4 = map (ringP8, ringP14, {- 95x  + 181x x  + 1028x  - 1384x x  - 1455x x  + 559x  - 502x x  + 1264x x  - 162x x  + 1209x  - 180x x  - 504x x  - 1168x x  - 676x x  + 501x  + 73x x  + 1263x x  + 1035x x  + 844x x  + 1593x x  + 785x  + 982x x  - 412x x  + 1335x x  + 1136x x  + 826x x  + 1078x x  + 1158x  + 335x x  - 982x x  - 1479x x  - 15x x  + 1363x x  + 1397x x  - 575x x  - 71x  + 1255x x  - 1138x x  - 1590x x  + 604x x  + 1182x x  - 63x x  - 1382x x  - 1255x x  - 613x , - 1444x  + 575x x  + 767x  - 1495x x  + 1631x x  - 217x  - 294x x  - 1511x x  - 504x x  - 1284x  - 1459x x  + 152x x  + 141x x  - 10x x  - 95x  + 1056x x  + 654x x  + 1397x x  - 930x x  + 578x x  - 696x  + 759x x  + 733x x  + 505x x  - 609x x  + 526x x  - 659x x  + 846x  + 1253x x  - 1519x x  + 635x x  + 576x x  + 54x x  - 1261x x  - 822x x  - 257x  - 986x x  + 356x x  - 1488x x  - 1561x x  - 850x x  - 85x x  - 1350x x  - 783x x  - 1335x , - 871x  + 1006x x  - 1399x  - 1636x x  - 699x x  - 769x  - 307x x  - 1645x x  - 502x x  - 719x  + 1405x x  + 870x x  - 1133x x  + 425x x  - 1203x  - 1601x x  + 117x x  - 382x x  + 318x x  - 117x x  - 560x  + 1135x x  + 1468x x  + 869x x  - 943x x  - 335x x  - 1218x x  + 201x  - 11x x  + 540x x  - 710x x  - 489x x  + 1605x x  + 1663x x  - 423x x  + 1246x  + 97x x  - 644x x  + 1655x x  + 1219x x  + 1476x x  + 1355x x  + 1594x x  + 893x x  + 1150x , - 143x  + 1240x x  - 1042x  + 1649x x  + 1024x x  + 794x  + 1442x x  - 1263x x  + 537x x  - 82x  - 734x x  - 1569x x  - 798x x  - 366x x  + 1289x  - 569x x  - 254x x  + 237x x  - 1234x x  - 807x x  + 264x  - 202x x  - 616x x  + 44x x  + 1465x x  + 685x x  + 1630x x  - 406x  - 123x x  - 4x x  + 1583x x  + 1235x x  + 162x x  + 1034x x  - 1035x x  + 737x  + 660x x  + 1459x x  - 359x x  - 1291x x  + 1638x x  - 325x x  - 631x x  + 73x x  - 1471x , - 1340x  + 31x x  - 994x  - 880x x  - 89x x  + 574x  + 760x x  - 1054x x  + 772x x  - 239x  - 443x x  + 1240x x  + 637x x  - 1423x x  + 320x  - 1363x x  - 1139x x  - 158x x  - 325x x  - 1578x x  + 32x  + 695x x  + 305x x  + 1012x x  + 1492x x  + 1290x x  + 1579x x  - 342x  - 83x x  - 104x x  + 998x x  - 92x x  + 1554x x  + 201x x  - 237x x  + 160x  - 228x x  - 543x x  - 1147x x  - 376x x  + 1313x x  + 603x x  + 106x x  - 1361x x  + 699x , - 228x  - 1510x x  + 277x  - 4x x  - 22x x  - 1526x  + 234x x  + 969x x  + 1253x x  - 1426x  - 1474x x  + 947x x  + 194x x  - 316x x  - 988x  - 1211x x  + 1087x x  + 536x x  - 491x x  + 870x x  - 659x  + 1490x x  - 469x x  + 1190x x  + 807x x  + 650x x  + 448x x  - 1353x  - 218x x  + 759x x  - 253x x  + 830x x  - 1080x x  - 143x x  - 1313x x  - 374x  - 180x x  + 741x x  + 742x x  - 1254x x  + 458x x  - 345x x  + 597x x  + 1567x x  - 31x , 1120x  + 709x x  - 1538x  - 1048x x  - 162x x  - 1518x  - 73x x  + 380x x  + 533x x  - 286x  + 1374x x  - 74x x  - 22x x  + 1535x x  - 1071x  - 839x x  - 560x x  + 928x x  + 335x x  - 1008x x  + 810x  - 448x x  - 357x x  - 107x x  + 40x x  + 784x x  - 1423x x  + 1276x  + 147x x  + 443x x  - 598x x  - 1077x x  - 1214x x  + 322x x  - 1408x x  + 72x  - 63x x  - 1513x x  - 791x x  + 11x x  + 77x x  + 836x x  - 1100x x  + 1637x x  - 788x , 1331x  + 318x x  - 704x  + 51x x  + 275x x  + 1149x  + 1526x x  + 768x x  + 414x x  - 782x  - 262x x  + 686x x  - 380x x  + 1377x x  + 1077x  + 1650x x  - 1129x x  - 508x x  + 846x x  + 1513x x  + 460x  - 1626x x  - 1024x x  + 862x x  + 1352x x  - 188x x  - 1382x x  - 650x  + 55x x  - 326x x  + 1037x x  + 705x x  - 667x x  + 1483x x  + 1661x x  - 1652x  - 1052x x  - 692x x  - 542x x  + 162x x  + 582x x  - 1369x x  + 934x x  + 1392x x  + 1227x , - 346x  + 1408x x  - 1225x  - 1536x x  - 1028x x  - 985x  - 210x x  - 1312x x  + 915x x  + 1633x  - 202x x  - 1636x x  - 1653x x  - 480x x  - 1260x  - 813x x  - 1623x x  - 1429x x  + 1094x x  - 747x x  + 955x  + 898x x  - 795x x  - 35x x  - 566x x  + 1631x x  - 324x x  + 926x  - 132x x  - 9x x  - 1290x x  - 543x x  + 902x x  + 735x x  - 342x x  - 400x  + 900x x  - 463x x  + 694x x  - 1262x x  - 1449x x  - 448x x  - 1402x x  - 731x x  - 996x , 301x  + 166x x  - 955x  - 739x x  - 1199x x  - 319x  + 1047x x  - 532x x  + 902x x  + 1195x  - 663x x  + 1215x x  - 534x x  - 332x x  - 973x  + 772x x  - 308x x  + 315x x  - 454x x  - 483x x  - 239x  - 1313x x  - 419x x  - 1340x x  - 1388x x  - 1340x x  - 1665x x  - 333x  - 465x x  - 1084x x  + 676x x  - 1612x x  - 288x x  + 11x x  - 1170x x  - 189x  + 498x x  - 889x x  + 693x x  + 1460x x  - 473x x  - 414x x  - 122x x  - 1659x x  - 1421x , 14x  - 1049x x  + 1506x  + 1235x x  + 642x x  - 1034x  + 460x x  + 150x x  + 760x x  - 1246x  - 1407x x  + 1570x x  + 1403x x  - 1610x x  - 431x  + 574x x  + 893x x  - 657x x  + 417x x  + 1362x x  + 224x  + 268x x  + 1097x x  + 1132x x  + 148x x  + 1331x x  - 77x x  - 756x  + 228x x  + 136x x  - 1484x x  - 1478x x  - 13x x  + 1620x x  - 701x x  - 769x  - 760x x  - 492x x  - 1077x x  - 1249x x  - 834x x  - 395x x  - 1358x x  - 988x x  + 113x , - 1634x  - 13x x  + 805x  - 21x x  - 1655x x  + 1479x  - 1510x x  - 646x x  + 225x x  - 1411x  + 1227x x  - 1108x x  + 1291x x  - 59x x  - 142x  + 586x x  - 676x x  + 655x x  - 1476x x  + 453x x  - 1076x  - 1152x x  + 1373x x  - 1191x x  - 416x x  + 699x x  + 317x x  + 825x  - 1560x x  - 488x x  - 1035x x  - 1561x x  - 644x x  - 1178x x  - 1320x x  + 158x  + 889x x  + 1444x x  - 1486x x  - 1211x x  + 1269x x  - 1228x x  + 568x x  + 1591x x  + 1207x , 105x  - 538x x  - 1222x  - 277x x  + 716x x  - 1067x  - 428x x  + 154x x  - 469x x  + 77x  + 538x x  - 179x x  + 921x x  - 223x x  + 1093x  - 262x x  + 1299x x  + 631x x  + 1486x x  - 1280x x  - 121x  - 50x x  - 978x x  - 694x x  - 531x x  + 505x x  + 1412x x  - 1061x  + 1202x x  + 448x x  - 187x x  + 1276x x  - 121x x  + 1361x x  + 697x x  + 682x  + 1592x x  + 705x x  - 227x x  - 7x x  - 1423x x  - 1446x x  - 1578x x  + 1511x x  + 917x , 1270x  - 391x x  - 1116x  - 287x x  + 653x x  + 1643x  + 1623x x  + 514x x  - 14x x  - 90x  + 1232x x  - 1434x x  + 1296x x  + 1522x x  + 136x  - 623x x  - 607x x  + 18x x  + 896x x  - 29x x  + 1059x  - 1053x x  + 1643x x  + 1652x x  - 1190x x  - 1073x x  + 1470x x  - 944x  - 93x x  - 187x x  - 994x x  - 1415x x  - 229x x  - 796x x  + 1642x x  + 1600x  - 344x x  + 905x x  + 1032x x  - 538x x  - 891x x  + 1243x x  + 1290x x  + 490x x  - 1148x , 1613x  + 175x x  - 1346x  - 1000x x  - 1217x x  - 729x  - 1296x x  + 1456x x  + 745x x  + 539x  + 525x x  - 811x x  + 753x x  + 1362x x  + 1629x  - 840x x  + 513x x  + 429x x  + 842x x  + 1414x x  - 308x  + 1415x x  - 1461x x  - 1135x x  + 701x x  + 766x x  + 785x x  + 1503x  + 147x x  + 929x x  - 1220x x  - 853x x  + 493x x  + 226x x  + 1416x x  + 280x  - 7x x  + 1632x x  + 520x x  + 1259x x  + 157x x  + 1596x x  + 655x x  - 42x x  - 586x })
                                 0       0 1        1        0 2        1 2       2       0 3        1 3       2 3        3       0 4       1 4        2 4       3 4       4      0 5        1 5        2 5       3 5        4 5       5       0 6       1 6        2 6        3 6       4 6        5 6        6       0 7       1 7        2 7      3 7        4 7        5 7       6 7      7        0 8        1 8        2 8       3 8        4 8      5 8        6 8        7 8       8         0       0 1       1        0 2        1 2       2       0 3        1 3       2 3        3        0 4       1 4       2 4      3 4      4        0 5       1 5        2 5       3 5       4 5       5       0 6       1 6       2 6       3 6       4 6       5 6       6        0 7        1 7       2 7       3 7      4 7        5 7       6 7       7       0 8       1 8        2 8        3 8       4 8      5 8        6 8       7 8        8        0        0 1        1        0 2       1 2       2       0 3        1 3       2 3       3        0 4       1 4        2 4       3 4        4        0 5       1 5       2 5       3 5       4 5       5        0 6        1 6       2 6       3 6       4 6        5 6       6      0 7       1 7       2 7       3 7        4 7        5 7       6 7        7      0 8       1 8        2 8        3 8        4 8        5 8        6 8       7 8        8        0        0 1        1        0 2        1 2       2        0 3        1 3       2 3      3       0 4        1 4       2 4       3 4        4       0 5       1 5       2 5        3 5       4 5       5       0 6       1 6      2 6        3 6       4 6        5 6       6       0 7     1 7        2 7        3 7       4 7        5 7        6 7       7       0 8        1 8       2 8        3 8        4 8       5 8       6 8      7 8        8         0      0 1       1       0 2      1 2       2       0 3        1 3       2 3       3       0 4        1 4       2 4        3 4       4        0 5        1 5       2 5       3 5        4 5      5       0 6       1 6        2 6        3 6        4 6        5 6       6      0 7       1 7       2 7      3 7        4 7       5 7       6 7       7       0 8       1 8        2 8       3 8        4 8       5 8       6 8        7 8       8        0        0 1       1     0 2      1 2        2       0 3       1 3        2 3        3        0 4       1 4       2 4       3 4       4        0 5        1 5       2 5       3 5       4 5       5        0 6       1 6        2 6       3 6       4 6       5 6        6       0 7       1 7       2 7       3 7        4 7       5 7        6 7       7       0 8       1 8       2 8        3 8       4 8       5 8       6 8        7 8      8       0       0 1        1        0 2       1 2        2      0 3       1 3       2 3       3        0 4      1 4      2 4        3 4        4       0 5       1 5       2 5       3 5        4 5       5       0 6       1 6       2 6      3 6       4 6        5 6        6       0 7       1 7       2 7        3 7        4 7       5 7        6 7      7      0 8        1 8       2 8      3 8      4 8       5 8        6 8        7 8       8       0       0 1       1      0 2       1 2        2        0 3       1 3       2 3       3       0 4       1 4       2 4        3 4        4        0 5        1 5       2 5       3 5        4 5       5        0 6        1 6       2 6        3 6       4 6        5 6       6      0 7       1 7        2 7       3 7       4 7        5 7        6 7        7        0 8       1 8       2 8       3 8       4 8        5 8       6 8        7 8        8        0        0 1        1        0 2        1 2       2       0 3        1 3       2 3        3       0 4        1 4        2 4       3 4        4       0 5        1 5        2 5        3 5       4 5       5       0 6       1 6      2 6       3 6        4 6       5 6       6       0 7     1 7        2 7       3 7       4 7       5 7       6 7       7       0 8       1 8       2 8        3 8        4 8       5 8        6 8       7 8       8      0       0 1       1       0 2        1 2       2        0 3       1 3       2 3        3       0 4        1 4       2 4       3 4       4       0 5       1 5       2 5       3 5       4 5       5        0 6       1 6        2 6        3 6        4 6        5 6       6       0 7        1 7       2 7        3 7       4 7      5 7        6 7       7       0 8       1 8       2 8        3 8       4 8       5 8       6 8        7 8        8     0        0 1        1        0 2       1 2        2       0 3       1 3       2 3        3        0 4        1 4        2 4        3 4       4       0 5       1 5       2 5       3 5        4 5       5       0 6        1 6        2 6       3 6        4 6      5 6       6       0 7       1 7        2 7        3 7      4 7        5 7       6 7       7       0 8       1 8        2 8        3 8       4 8       5 8        6 8       7 8       8         0      0 1       1      0 2        1 2        2        0 3       1 3       2 3        3        0 4        1 4        2 4      3 4       4       0 5       1 5       2 5        3 5       4 5        5        0 6        1 6        2 6       3 6       4 6       5 6       6        0 7       1 7        2 7        3 7       4 7        5 7        6 7       7       0 8        1 8        2 8        3 8        4 8        5 8       6 8        7 8        8      0       0 1        1       0 2       1 2        2       0 3       1 3       2 3      3       0 4       1 4       2 4       3 4        4       0 5        1 5       2 5        3 5        4 5       5      0 6       1 6       2 6       3 6       4 6        5 6        6        0 7       1 7       2 7        3 7       4 7        5 7       6 7       7        0 8       1 8       2 8     3 8        4 8        5 8        6 8        7 8       8       0       0 1        1       0 2       1 2        2        0 3       1 3      2 3      3        0 4        1 4        2 4        3 4       4       0 5       1 5      2 5       3 5      4 5        5        0 6        1 6        2 6        3 6        4 6        5 6       6      0 7       1 7       2 7        3 7       4 7       5 7        6 7        7       0 8       1 8        2 8       3 8       4 8        5 8        6 8       7 8        8       0       0 1        1        0 2        1 2       2        0 3        1 3       2 3       3       0 4       1 4       2 4        3 4        4       0 5       1 5       2 5       3 5        4 5       5        0 6        1 6        2 6       3 6       4 6       5 6        6       0 7       1 7        2 7       3 7       4 7       5 7        6 7       7     0 8        1 8       2 8        3 8       4 8        5 8       6 8      7 8       8

o4 : RingMap ringP8 <--- ringP14
i5 : time degreeMap phi
     -- used 0.036101 seconds

o5 = 1
i6 : -- Compose phi:P^8--->P^14 with a linear projection P^14--->P^8 from a general subspace of P^14 
     -- of dimension 5 (so that the composition phi':P^8--->P^8 must have degree equal to deg(G(1,5))=14)
     phi'=phi*map(ringP14,ringP8,for i to 8 list random(1,ringP14))

                                 2                  2                           2                                      2                                                 2                                                           2                                                                   2                                                                              2                                                                                          2        2                  2                              2                                       2                                                2                                                             2                                                                  2                                                                              2                                                                                            2        2                  2                             2                                       2                                                2                                                           2                                                                      2                                                                              2                                                                                         2         2                 2                            2                                       2                                                  2                                                             2                                                                    2                                                                                2                                                                                             2       2                   2                            2                                     2                                                2                                                          2                                                                  2                                                                                   2                                                                                            2        2                2                           2                                      2                                                  2                                                            2                                                                      2                                                                                 2                                                                                          2   2                   2                           2                                     2                                                  2                                                           2                                                                    2                                                                              2                                                                                         2      2                  2                           2                                      2                                                  2                                                             2                                                                       2                                                                              2                                                                                          2         2                  2                            2                                     2                                                 2                                                              2                                                                    2                                                                               2                                                                                        2
o6 = map (ringP8, ringP8, {- 780x  - 506x x  + 1537x  - 132x x  - 928x x  + 386x  - 102x x  + 422x x  + 725x x  - 1073x  - 905x x  - 830x x  + 1500x x  + 276x x  + 1533x  - 653x x  + 1558x x  + 939x x  - 1432x x  + 462x x  - 329x  - 92x x  + 661x x  - 1298x x  - 684x x  + 70x x  - 715x x  + 1093x  + 581x x  + 329x x  + 454x x  - 911x x  - 84x x  - 1452x x  - 809x x  + 1202x  + 1353x x  + 1503x x  + 482x x  + 893x x  - 643x x  + 598x x  + 110x x  + 1064x x  - 472x , - 522x  - 583x x  + 1339x  + 1535x x  - 1317x x  + 1113x  - 169x x  + 1440x x  - 1657x x  + 721x  + 40x x  - 1576x x  - 367x x  + 257x x  - 1454x  + 1612x x  + 1529x x  - 1068x x  + 560x x  - 1441x x  + 608x  - 92x x  - 1006x x  + 285x x  + 102x x  - 397x x  + 66x x  - 643x  - 38x x  + 1380x x  + 1069x x  - 426x x  + 1147x x  + 982x x  + 10x x  - 662x  + 16x x  + 1561x x  + 1597x x  + 512x x  + 1288x x  - 1253x x  + 1317x x  + 1481x x  - 354x , - 640x  - 1551x x  + 469x  + 1482x x  - 1593x x  - 986x  + 471x x  + 612x x  + 1228x x  + 1156x  - 731x x  + 1503x x  - 628x x  + 674x x  - 799x  + 1137x x  + 844x x  + 589x x  - 666x x  + 829x x  - 1024x  - 170x x  + 450x x  + 1497x x  + 1204x x  - 907x x  + 1621x x  - 417x  + 1297x x  + 1444x x  + 4x x  + 398x x  + 996x x  - 1031x x  + 239x x  + 303x  + 1215x x  - 83x x  + 1571x x  - 1543x x  - 925x x  - 694x x  + 151x x  - 520x x  + 880x , - 1210x  - 222x x  + 185x  + 245x x  + 1059x x  - 322x  + 238x x  + 962x x  + 1260x x  - 1581x  + 50x x  + 1352x x  - 1465x x  + 1555x x  + 1333x  + 1362x x  + 1365x x  + 1168x x  - 1401x x  + 149x x  - 652x  + 1378x x  - 557x x  - 112x x  + 26x x  + 315x x  + 111x x  + 1592x  - 283x x  - 1454x x  + 907x x  + 212x x  + 400x x  + 1049x x  - 882x x  - 1429x  - 183x x  + 1571x x  - 1286x x  - 1179x x  + 1319x x  + 240x x  - 1100x x  + 1500x x  - 348x , 1051x  - 1325x x  + 1354x  - 346x x  - 1532x x  - 466x  + 163x x  - 659x x  - 291x x  + 966x  + 789x x  + 393x x  + 403x x  - 1199x x  - 570x  - 93x x  - 492x x  - 418x x  + 713x x  - 1323x x  - 1384x  - 830x x  - 54x x  - 306x x  + 709x x  + 421x x  - 954x x  - 299x  + 1053x x  - 1080x x  + 686x x  + 170x x  - 1272x x  - 1661x x  + 1235x x  + 1553x  - 1454x x  - 1411x x  - 1195x x  - 962x x  + 737x x  - 390x x  + 957x x  + 1538x x  + 1234x , - 509x  + 9x x  - 1563x  - 710x x  - 642x x  + 541x  + 220x x  - 1214x x  - 16x x  + 1008x  - 1088x x  + 755x x  - 886x x  - 1433x x  + 1154x  + 1627x x  - 1547x x  - 951x x  + 866x x  + 163x x  - 1142x  - 668x x  + 1361x x  + 1324x x  - 490x x  + 282x x  - 1133x x  - 612x  + 805x x  - 126x x  + 1296x x  - 973x x  + 1271x x  - 1646x x  + 844x x  + 1073x  - 1452x x  - 1112x x  - 141x x  + 176x x  - 1579x x  - 78x x  + 848x x  - 1365x x  + 711x , x  + 1543x x  - 1076x  + 493x x  - 526x x  + 868x  - 582x x  - 996x x  + 206x x  - 419x  + 1258x x  - 391x x  + 1002x x  - 1539x x  + 931x  - 1504x x  + 810x x  + 324x x  + 1356x x  + 313x x  + 772x  + 299x x  + 1186x x  + 718x x  + 407x x  - 64x x  - 828x x  - 1393x  + 94x x  - 290x x  - 766x x  + 950x x  - 640x x  + 265x x  - 1640x x  - 1403x  - 126x x  + 891x x  - 1519x x  - 927x x  - 1335x x  - 1448x x  - x x  - 1103x x  - 1152x , 821x  + 558x x  - 1174x  - 168x x  + 986x x  + 790x  + 549x x  + 817x x  + 1396x x  + 695x  + 1211x x  + 878x x  - 1061x x  - 1244x x  - 880x  + 1409x x  - 567x x  + 1240x x  + 1126x x  - 1262x x  + 490x  + 1553x x  + 1276x x  + 805x x  + 576x x  - 1076x x  + 1617x x  - 495x  - 750x x  - 277x x  + 544x x  + 1479x x  - 784x x  - 64x x  - 1203x x  + 405x  + 1013x x  + 604x x  + 1301x x  + 1003x x  + 235x x  + 696x x  + 939x x  - 714x x  - 879x , - 1452x  + 727x x  - 1159x  + 449x x  - 1169x x  + 732x  + 575x x  - 600x x  + 924x x  - 837x  + 1298x x  - 860x x  + 1010x x  + 774x x  + 319x  + 1087x x  - 1120x x  + 1439x x  + 1175x x  - 1648x x  + 985x  - 1317x x  - 878x x  + 399x x  - 1339x x  + 70x x  - 463x x  + 470x  - 628x x  - 907x x  + 748x x  + 98x x  + 1150x x  + 1140x x  + 1308x x  + 621x  + 369x x  - 991x x  - 1186x x  + 61x x  - 907x x  - 681x x  - 1528x x  + 717x x  + 854x })
                                 0       0 1        1       0 2       1 2       2       0 3       1 3       2 3        3       0 4       1 4        2 4       3 4        4       0 5        1 5       2 5        3 5       4 5       5      0 6       1 6        2 6       3 6      4 6       5 6        6       0 7       1 7       2 7       3 7      4 7        5 7       6 7        7        0 8        1 8       2 8       3 8       4 8       5 8       6 8        7 8       8        0       0 1        1        0 2        1 2        2       0 3        1 3        2 3       3      0 4        1 4       2 4       3 4        4        0 5        1 5        2 5       3 5        4 5       5      0 6        1 6       2 6       3 6       4 6      5 6       6      0 7        1 7        2 7       3 7        4 7       5 7      6 7       7      0 8        1 8        2 8       3 8        4 8        5 8        6 8        7 8       8        0        0 1       1        0 2        1 2       2       0 3       1 3        2 3        3       0 4        1 4       2 4       3 4       4        0 5       1 5       2 5       3 5       4 5        5       0 6       1 6        2 6        3 6       4 6        5 6       6        0 7        1 7     2 7       3 7       4 7        5 7       6 7       7        0 8      1 8        2 8        3 8       4 8       5 8       6 8       7 8       8         0       0 1       1       0 2        1 2       2       0 3       1 3        2 3        3      0 4        1 4        2 4        3 4        4        0 5        1 5        2 5        3 5       4 5       5        0 6       1 6       2 6      3 6       4 6       5 6        6       0 7        1 7       2 7       3 7       4 7        5 7       6 7        7       0 8        1 8        2 8        3 8        4 8       5 8        6 8        7 8       8       0        0 1        1       0 2        1 2       2       0 3       1 3       2 3       3       0 4       1 4       2 4        3 4       4      0 5       1 5       2 5       3 5        4 5        5       0 6      1 6       2 6       3 6       4 6       5 6       6        0 7        1 7       2 7       3 7        4 7        5 7        6 7        7        0 8        1 8        2 8       3 8       4 8       5 8       6 8        7 8        8        0     0 1        1       0 2       1 2       2       0 3        1 3      2 3        3        0 4       1 4       2 4        3 4        4        0 5        1 5       2 5       3 5       4 5        5       0 6        1 6        2 6       3 6       4 6        5 6       6       0 7       1 7        2 7       3 7        4 7        5 7       6 7        7        0 8        1 8       2 8       3 8        4 8      5 8       6 8        7 8       8   0        0 1        1       0 2       1 2       2       0 3       1 3       2 3       3        0 4       1 4        2 4        3 4       4        0 5       1 5       2 5        3 5       4 5       5       0 6        1 6       2 6       3 6      4 6       5 6        6      0 7       1 7       2 7       3 7       4 7       5 7        6 7        7       0 8       1 8        2 8       3 8        4 8        5 8    6 8        7 8        8      0       0 1        1       0 2       1 2       2       0 3       1 3        2 3       3        0 4       1 4        2 4        3 4       4        0 5       1 5        2 5        3 5        4 5       5        0 6        1 6       2 6       3 6        4 6        5 6       6       0 7       1 7       2 7        3 7       4 7      5 7        6 7       7        0 8       1 8        2 8        3 8       4 8       5 8       6 8       7 8       8         0       0 1        1       0 2        1 2       2       0 3       1 3       2 3       3        0 4       1 4        2 4       3 4       4        0 5        1 5        2 5        3 5        4 5       5        0 6       1 6       2 6        3 6      4 6       5 6       6       0 7       1 7       2 7      3 7        4 7        5 7        6 7       7       0 8       1 8        2 8      3 8       4 8       5 8        6 8       7 8       8

o6 : RingMap ringP8 <--- ringP8
i7 : time degreeMap phi'
     -- used 0.786038 seconds

o7 = 14

See also

Ways to use degreeMap :

For the programmer

The object degreeMap is a method function with options.