This documentation describes version **1.16** of Macaulay2.

- rings
- ideals
- matrices
- substitution and maps between rings
- modules
- chain complexes
- varieties
- Gröbner bases

- changes to Macaulay2, by version
- mathematical examples
- basic commutative algebra
- replacements for commands and scripts from Macaulay
- how Macaulay2 finds its files